Which Is the World’s Oldest Gold? The Five Oldest Gold Treasures: All from the 5th Millenium BC, All Found in Bulgaria, All Made by ‘Old Europe’ (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

The world’s largest and perhaps oldest prehistoric gold treasure was discovered by chance back in 1972 in graves of what has become known as the Varna Chalcolithic Necropolis in Bulgaria’s Black Sea city. Photo: BGNES
(*This history feature + listicle article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

Humanity’s thirst for GOLD throughout the last – as it turns out – nearly 7,000 years has been very prominent, and so the question of which the oldest gold in the world is has been captivating the imagination of people from all around the globe. Continue reading “Which Is the World’s Oldest Gold? The Five Oldest Gold Treasures: All from the 5th Millenium BC, All Found in Bulgaria, All Made by ‘Old Europe’ (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)”

The Bulgarian ‘Loch Ness Monster’: the Water Bull of the Rabisha Lake near the Prehistoric Magura Cave

The picturesque Rabisha Lake is a deep endorheic lake in mountainous Northwest Bulgaria. Photo: Wikipedia
(*This travel, folklore, and cultural tourism feature article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

Rabbie the Water Bull, a minotaur mermaid from mountainous Northwest Bulgaria, has had an exciting, awe-inspiring fate. Continue reading “The Bulgarian ‘Loch Ness Monster’: the Water Bull of the Rabisha Lake near the Prehistoric Magura Cave”

‘Pre-Columbian’ Should Be Applied to Europe and the ‘Old World’. Bulgarian Archaeology and History Suggest So (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

The annual Ancient Roman market at the Sexaginta Prista Fortress in Bulgaria’s Ruse does justice to the fact that the Romans, for all their might, had a cuisine that was “Pre-Columbian”. Photo: Ruse Regional Museum of History
(*This opinion & history feature article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication, ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

When a person from the “Old World” (Africa, Asia, Europe) goes to the United States, they invariably come across the term “Pre-Columbian” at some point, regardless of their profession or the reason for their visit. Continue reading “‘Pre-Columbian’ Should Be Applied to Europe and the ‘Old World’. Bulgarian Archaeology and History Suggest So (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)”

How Bulgaria’s Communist Regime Hid the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster from the Public, Protecting Only Itself (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

The Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster: No. 4 reactor after the disaster. Reactor 4 (center). Turbine building (lower left). Reactor 3 (center right). Photo: Wikipedia
(*This history feature article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication, ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

The world marks on April 26, 2018, the 32th year since the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster in the former Soviet Union, the worst catastrophe in the global history of nuclear energy, which in Communist Bulgaria was covered up from the public by the ruling regime of the Bulgarian Communist Party, at the time the staunchest satellite of Moscow. Continue reading “How Bulgaria’s Communist Regime Hid the 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster from the Public, Protecting Only Itself (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)”

For Another’s Freedom: Bulgarian Rebel Leaders Who Fought to Liberate Greece (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

On March 25 (6 April, Greg.Calendar), the Feast of Annunciation, 1821, Bishop Palaion Patron Germanos proclaimed the national uprising against the Ottoman Empire and blessed the flag of the Greek War of Independence at the Monastery of Agia Lavra. Painting by Ludovico Lipparini (1800-1856), National Historic Museum Greece
(*This history feature article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

Bulgaria and Greece are (the) two European countries that are about as ancient as it gets. But possibly the first thing that comes to mind regarding their relations in historical terms are the horrific, back-stabbing Modern Era wars the two contemporary nation-states fought in the 20th century. Continue reading “For Another’s Freedom: Bulgarian Rebel Leaders Who Fought to Liberate Greece (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)”

Middle Ages vs. Antiquity: ‘Discrepancies’ in the Game of Thrones / Song of Ice and Fire Universe

In Game of Thrones, absolute monarch Daenerys Targaryen, who even possesses the ultimate weapon of mass destruction in the form of dragons, is, for all practical purposes, on a quest for turning slaves into serfs. Photo: HBO/GOT

Fantasy works, especially awesome ones such as Game of Thrones / A Song of Ice and Fire, could be deemed immune from criticism; however, comparisons with real history are in order. Continue reading “Middle Ages vs. Antiquity: ‘Discrepancies’ in the Game of Thrones / Song of Ice and Fire Universe”

How Bulgarian Rebels ‘Determined’ the Prime Minister of Britain: William Gladstone and ‘the Question of the East’ (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

William Gladstone, four times Prime Minister of Britain (1868-1874, 1880-1885, 1886, 1892-1894), who used the Bulgarian case to stage a vigorous attack on the policies of the Conservative Party government of his arch-rival, Lord Disraeli. Photo: Wikipedia
(*This history feature article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

April 20, 1876 – The Bulgarians are making history their largest rebellion so far (later to be known as the April Uprising) against the Ottoman Empire in their quest for freedom and an independent nation state; meanwhile, in Britain, former Prime Minister and Liberal Party leader William Gladstone has been in opposition for two years to Prime Minister and Conservative Party leader Benjamin Disraeli. Continue reading “How Bulgarian Rebels ‘Determined’ the Prime Minister of Britain: William Gladstone and ‘the Question of the East’ (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)”

Game of Thrones Is Terrific but Why Are Humans So Enchanted with Feudalism?

“Winter is coming…” Replace “winter” with “feudalism” which in today’s world seems to strive to resonquer even the small portions of the world that it once lost. Photo: HBO/GOT

The worldwide enchantment with Game of Thrones also reveals humanity’s top destructive pathology: craving for some lord’s domination, namely, feudalism.

Continue reading “Game of Thrones Is Terrific but Why Are Humans So Enchanted with Feudalism?”

Terrorism as It Once Was: The Miss Stone Affair, America, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

Protestant missionary Miss Ellen Stone is seen here at her arrival back in the United States after her six-month abduction by the Bulgarian freedom-fighters, i.e. the Miss Stone Affair. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
(*This history feature article was written by Ivan Dikov for Pax Glocalica's sister publication ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)

The dramedy of the Miss Stone Affair is a stunning episode of history which teaches about courage and integrity in the struggle for freedom. And about Stockholm Syndrome. Continue reading “Terrorism as It Once Was: The Miss Stone Affair, America, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire (written for ArchaeologyinBulgaria.com)”